Species Publications

Publication details

Hologenomic adaptations underlying the evolution of sanguivory in the common vampire bat. (2018) Nat Ecol Evol 2, 659-668.
Zepeda Mendoza ML, Xiong Z, Escalera-Zamudio M, Runge AK, Theze J, Streicker D, Frank HK, Loza-Rubio E, Liu S, Ryder OA, Samaniego Castruita JA, Katzourakis A, Pacheco G, Taboada B, Lober U, Pybus OG, Li Y, Rojas-Anaya E, Bohmann K, Carmona Baez A, Arias CF, Liu S, Greenwood AD, Bertelsen MF, White NE, Bunce M, Zhang G, Sicheritz-Ponten T, Gilbert MPT
Abstract: Adaptation to specialized diets often requires modifications at both genomic and microbiome levels. We applied a hologenomic approach to the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), one of the only three obligate blood-feeding (sanguivorous) mammals, to study the evolution of its complex dietary adaptation. Specifically, we assembled its high-quality reference genome (scaffold N50 = 26.9 Mb, contig N50 = 36.6 kb) and gut metagenome, and compared them against those of insectivorous, frugivorous and carnivorous bats. Our analyses showed a particular common vampire bat genomic landscape regarding integrated viral elements, a dietary and phylogenetic influence on gut microbiome taxonomic and functional profiles, and that both genetic elements harbour key traits related to the nutritional (for example, vitamin and lipid shortage) and non-nutritional (for example, nitrogen waste and osmotic homeostasis) challenges of sanguivory. These findings highlight the value of a holistic study of both the host and its microbiota when attempting to decipher adaptations underlying radical dietary lifestyles.

Desmodus rotundus

[ Opisthokonta | Metazoa | Eumetazoa | . . .
. . . | Phyllostomidae | Desmodontinae | Desmodus ]

Desmodus_rotundus Picture Source
Taxonomy:Eukaryota | Opisthokonta | Metazoa | Eumetazoa | Bilateria | Deuterostomia | Chordata | Craniata | Vertebrata | Gnathostomata | Teleostomi | Euteleostomi | Sarcopterygii | Dipnotetrapodomorpha | Tetrapoda | Amniota | Mammalia | Theria | Eutheria | Boreoeutheria | Laurasiatheria | Chiroptera | Microchiroptera | Phyllostomidae | Desmodontinae | Desmodus
Common:vampire bat (German: Gemeiner Vampir)
Ncbi Go to NCBI Taxonomy (9430)
Eol Encyclopedia of life
Wiki Wikipedia
Projects:
Rna_part National Center for Biotechnology Information National Center for Biotechnology Information: NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Project
Publication:
et. al. Right (2018)
Nat Ecol Evol 2, 659-668. Down

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